The World Wide Web Consortium
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) began as an organization designed to feed specifications into the IETF for formal standardization. The W3C has a particular focus on the Web and governs standards for HTML, XML, XML Schema, Semantic Web, SOAP-based Web Services, and a range of others.
Each member organization has a seat on the Advisory Committee and can access member-only information and make member submissions. Members may participate in working, interest, and coordination groups, in workshops and symposia, or on the W3C (management) team as W3C fellows. The W3C team provides technical leadership and organizes and manages W3C activities. The Advisory Board provides ongoing guidance to the team on issues of strategy, management, legal matters, process, and conflict resolution. The Technical Architecture Group (TAG) documents and builds consensus around principles of Web architecture and interpreting and clarifying these principles where necessary. It resolves issues involving general Web architecture, and helps coordinate cross-technology architecture developments inside and outside the W3C.
Although the ongoing work is carried on via private lists by working members, the significant milestones and drafts are published in public lists and made available to public at large. The general public may participate in mailing lists and workshops, comment on upcoming standards, or may be invited as experts in working groups.